It’s past time to rethink retirement. “Why,” one might ask. The unfortunate problem with the concept of retirement is that many of us think that we know what we want and what to expect. The beach after all (or some other vacation destination) beckons us in the golden years and of course, we will have plenty of money to live the life we’ve always wanted to. However, with the life expectancy for Americans increasing (not to mention life expectancy in many other nations), the call to rethink retirement is not simply the introduction of a fun theoretical discussion but a call to count the cost of retirement.
“The key is not to turn off the jets, but turn them down into a new orbit and equilibrium..”Ron Suber
No one wants to find themselves unable to enjoy these years. And yet, few people plan for a future that doesn’t go exactly how they want it to. Many retirees don’t have sufficient cash reserves for a retirement that could theoretically last from age 65 to age 100…or beyond. Fewer still have a real game plan for disability, illness, or injury.
That’s why we’d like to pose an alternative. One that keeps you working within your purpose for longer, and reframes the typical concept of retirement. The truth is, life expectancy has left the “old way” of retirement in the dust. It renders the concept unstable at best.
To understand this, let’s look at how retirement began, as well as the modern factors of the retirement paradigm.
Table Of Contents
- The Beginning of Retirement as We Know It
- We’re Living Longer
- Why We Aren’t Typical
- Rethinking Retirement: What Needs to Change?
- How to Rethink Retirement – Changing the Retirement Narrative
The Beginning of Retirement as We Know It
The roots of modern retirement date back to 1881, and Otto Von Bismarck. This fact alone should cause us to rethink retirement as we know it. The conservative Prussian Prime Minister, age 74 at the time, proposed a radical idea: government-backed support for the older members of society.
In general, people that lived also worked–regardless of age. Yet some of the older population was finding it difficult to work due to disability or age. William the First, in his German Parliament letter, wrote: “. . . those who are disabled from work by age and invalidity have a well-grounded claim to care from the state.”
And so it began that anyone over age 70 would receive financial assistance in the form of a pension. (In 1916, it changed to age 65.) The catch? It aligned with the life expectancy of the time. It wasn’t designed to support those who lived beyond expectations for another 20, 30, or 50 years. It was designed to care for the “outliers” who lived beyond life expectancy for a few years, and to create smoother transitions for the new workforce.
Even so, by 1935, the American government officially implemented its own form of government-supported retirement. When the Social Security Act passed, the official retirement age became 65. Incidentally, the life expectancy for men in 1935 was 58. This became the “default” retirement age in America.
We’re Living Longer
Today, we can’t imagine a world that doesn’t include retirement. A concern though is that while the modern retirement age is still 65, life expectancy has steadily increased in the last 85 years. And thanks to advances in the medical field, health and dietary changes, and quality of life improvements, the rise in life expectancy continues to climb.
The Macro Trends chart below shows how life expectancy increases over the years. The blue line is the life expectancy line It continues to rise, and for 2020, it’s 78.93:
If we expand the number of years until 2100, the life expectancy line increases further still:
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), life expectancy gives us the average number of years a person can expect to live. Based on the Macro Trends data above, U.S. life expectancy projections are about age 78.93 for 2020. This doesn’t factor in Covid-19 which may represent an outlier and skew the data. Age 78.93 is a 0.08% increase from 2019 and a 0.03% increase from 2017 when life expectancy was 78.84. Chances are, you know people who have lived well beyond that age who may live on a fixed-income for decades.
It’s worth noting that those who are 65 today seem younger and healthier than those at the same age in the 1930s. Hence, some retirees delay their retirement because they love what they do and they want to optimize their social security benefits.
So why do we still close shop at age 65? It’s time to rethink retirement.
Why We Aren’t Typical
It’s impossible to know how long we might live, and yet people plan for retirement as though it is set in stone. That’s why many typical financial strategies miss the mark.
The problem is twofold. First, you want to save enough money to enjoy your retirement. And second, your retirement includes accumulating money that starts distributing at age 65. Often, the funds are undercut by the fees and taxes that accompany qualified retirement accounts. However, with longer life expectancies, we’re seeing an increase in retirees running out of money.
The alternative approach is also twofold—finding and pursuing the passions you enjoy, so that life doesn’t become something to escape from. Then, building wealth that you won’t outlive. This is achievable by focusing on consistent income-for-life cash flow strategies rather than a ballpark “million-dollar dream.”
A million dollars, while a long-term desire for some, isn’t worth the same in retirement when you factor in the cost of living and inflation down the line. Cost of living may add 50% for every 10 years and 100% for every 20 years. A single illness can cost a person $40,000 to $100,000 a year (if facility care or home health care is necessary).
Furthermore, based on Bureau of Labor Statistics data, households for those 65 or older can run typically $3,800 a month or $45,756 annually. That means in a typical retirement, you need to spend less, earn more, live healthier, or a combination of all the above.
This is why we think it wise to rethink retirement at 65.
Rethinking Retirement: What Needs to Change?
Besides educating yourself about wealth building, start rethinking retirement. And fortunately, we did the math for you.
The first step is to find the difference between life expectancy today and life expectancy in 1935. So if you divide 78 (2020 life expectancy) by 58 (1935 expectancy), you’ll get 1.34482. That means that life expectancy has increased by nearly 1.5%. The next step is to multiply that rate (1.34482) by age 65, to show the increase. The result? 87.41379.
Retirement has not changed since the 30s. And yet, people are living longer, and the typical retirement strategies just aren’t working for many Americans. Based on this math, we should actually retire closer to 87 than 65.
What could this solve? For starters, staying in the workforce longer can help you have more purpose, achieve more long-term desires, and accumulate more wealth. You can also benefit from maximizing your social security benefits by delaying the benefit until your full retirement age (FRA). As an example, if you retire at age 62 and your FRA is 67, your monthly benefit is about 30% less than if you waited.
The typical retirement mindset of age 65 does not serve us anymore. It puts us at an extreme disadvantage. It’s not enough to have “age 65 tunnel vision.” We must assume our golden years might extend much longer than 10 or 20 years.
How to Rethink Retirement – Changing the Retirement Narrative
You can choose “when” you retire. However, no one knows how long you might live. The current retirement model is not sustainable, and it becomes less so as our life expectancies rise. The best thing you can do is look for ways to live longer and healthier and develop a sound retirement income strategy so you don’t outlive your money.
If you’re looking for ways to optimize your income and do what you love for longer, talk to us about aligning your retirement income with your long-term dreams. Effective cash flow strategies like annuities and dividends can help you navigate and enjoy your golden years.
We would love to share the alternative path to “retirement” by building wealth now and creating a life you love now, contact us or email firstname.lastname@example.org and learn how to never run out of money in retirement.